Fontaine de Vaucluse is a pretty village where seventy watermills once pressed the grains and oil that made the town so prosperous. Only nine inoperant wheels remain. It is encircled by a seemingly impenetrable green wall of cliffs, from which springs the Sorgue river in a cascade called the fontaine (fountain). The source begins underground, with tributaries that drain the Vaucluse plateau. In the closed valley above the town, water erupts from an unfathomable depth to develop into a fully fledged river.
Fontaine de Vaucluse